Isthmia

The Isthmus of Corinth is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes from the Ancient Greek word for "neck" and refers to the narrowness of the land. To the west of the Isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth, to the east the Saronic Gulf. Since 1893 the Corinth Canal has run through the 6.3 km wide isthmus, effectively making the Peloponnese an island.

Today, two road bridges, two railway bridges and two submersible bridges at both ends of the canal connect the mainland side of the isthmus with the Peloponnese side. Also a military emergency bridge is located at the west end of the canal.

The idea for a shortcut to save boats sailing all round the Peloponnese was long considered by the Ancient Greeks. The first attempt to build a canal there was carried out by the tyrant Periander or Periandros in the 7th century BC. He abandoned the project owing to technical difficulties, and instead constructed a simpler and less costly overland stone ramp, named Diolkos, as a portage road. Remnants of Diolkos still exist today next to the modern canal. When the Roman republic (later to be the Roman Empire) took control of Greece, a number of different solutions were tried. Julius Caesar foresaw the advantages of a link for his newly built Colonia Laus Iulia Corinthiensis. By the reign of Tiberius, engineers tried to dig a canal, but were defeated by lack of modern equipment. Instead they built an Ancient Egyptian device: boats were rolled across the isthmus on logs, as the Egyptians had rolled blocks of granite to make their pyramids. This was in use by AD 32. In AD 67, the philhellene Roman emperor Nero ordered 6,000 slaves to dig a canal with spades. The following year Nero died, and his successor Galba abandoned the project as being too expensive.

 

Η Ισθμια

Η Ισθμία, γνωστή και ως ταΊσθμια είναι οικισμός Δήμου Λουτρακίου - Αγίων Θεοδώρων της Περιφέρειας Πελοποννήσου. Έχει πληθυσμό 1.134 κατοίκους.

Στην διώρυγα της Κορίνθου λειτουργούν δύο σύγχρονες βυθιζόμενες γέφυρες,μία σε κάθε άκρη της. Η μία προς την πλευρά του Κορινθιακού στην Ποσειδωνία, και η δεύτερη στον Σαρωνικό στα Ισθμια. Η βυθιζόμενη γέφυρα των Ισθμίων βρίσκεται στον Ισθμό για να διευκολύνει τα αυτοκίνητα και τους πεζούς να διασχίσουν τη διώρυγα. Πριν την κατασκευή της τα αυτοκίνητα μεταφέρονταν με μια πλωτή σχεδία.

 

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